Class 10 History Chapter 3
The Making of a Global World
Outlined below are essential inquiries pertaining to Class 10 History, specifically centred around Chapter 3, "The Making of a Global World." These questions are meticulously designed to serve as a valuable resource for students aiming to excel in the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination during the academic year 2023-24. The comprehensive range of question formats encompassed in this compilation is purposefully tailored not only to foster clarity in understanding but also to promote strategic exam readiness, and nurture self-assurance among students.
"The Making of a Global World" delves into the creation of a world shaped by extensive trade, migration, labour mobility, and the movement of capital throughout history. Globalization, an economic system, facilitates the free flow of goods, technology, ideas, and people across the globe. Understanding this involves exploring topics like the historic Silk Routes and the pivotal role of technology in shaping global interactions.
Q 1. There were three important developments that greatly shrank the pre-modern world. Identify the incorrect one from the following
(a) The flow of trade
(b) The flow of labour
(c) The flow of capital
(d) The flow of technology
Three important developments that greatly shrank the pre-modern world were the flow of trade,labour and of capital.
Q 2. Why did Europeans flee to America in the 19th century? Identify the correct reason from the following
(a) Poverty and diseases
(b) Due to gold rush
(c) To escape from the French Revolution
(d) As an aftermath of the Vietnam War
During the 19th century, many Europeans faced poverty and poor living conditions due to overpopulation, lack of employment opportunities, and agricultural failures.
Q 3. Name the two hostile groups of the Second World War.
During the Second World War , there were two hostile groups that engaged in combat with one another:
- Axis powers - Germany, Italy, and Japan.
- Allied Powers - France, Britain, USSR, USA, and China.
Q 4. The silk routes are a good example of trade and cultural link between distant parts of the world. Explain with examples.
From Asia, Chinese silk and pottery and Indian spices and textile would be traded to Europe; while in return, the precious metals like Gold and Silver would come to Asia. Along with this trade, there was a cultural exchange as well, as Christian missionaries and Muslim preachers would also travel.
Q 5. Describe the factors that led to the Great Depression of 1929.
The Great Depression was the worst economic crisis in modern history, lasting from 1929 until the beginning of World War II in 1939. The causes of the Great Depression included slowing consumer demand, mounting consumer debt, decreased industrial production and the rapid and reckless expansion of the U.S. stock market.
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter wise Important Questions
If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, oswal.io provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1: What are the main elements of making a global word?
Ans: The main elements of making a global world include international trade, foreign investment, capital market flows, labour migration, and the diffusion of technology.
Q2: What are the benefits of ‘Globalisation’
Ans: Globalisation brings access to foreign cultures, fosters technological innovation, leads to improved living standards, facilitates the emergence of new talent, and raises the overall standards of living.
Q3: What are the various types of Globalisation?
Ans: The primary types of Globalisation include political, economic, and cultural Globalisation.
Q4: Trade and cultural exchange always went hand in hand.” Explain the statement in the light of the silk route.
Ans: Trade and internal exchange have historically been interwoven, evident through the following points:
- Missionaries' Journeys: Early Christian missionaries embarked on journeys along the Silk Route to Asia, while Muslim preachers followed suit in subsequent centuries, highlighting the interconnectedness of trade and spreading religious beliefs.
- Buddhism's Spread: The emergence of Buddhism in eastern India illustrates how ideas and religious philosophies traversed various directions through the Silk Routes, leading to its expansion.
- Network of Routes: Historians have identified an extensive network of Silk Routes, encompassing both overland and maritime paths. These routes facilitated connections across vast Asian regions and established links between Asia, Europe, and northern Africa, promoting trade and cultural exchanges.
- Longevity of Silk Routes: Silk routes have existed since antiquity, predating the Christian Era. Their prominence persisted until the fifteenth century, enabling the exchange of diverse goods such as Chinese pottery, textiles, spices from India and Southeast Asia, and the movement of precious metals like gold and silver from Europe to Asia.
- Cultural and Agricultural Exchange: Traders and travellers introduced new crops to the regions they traversed, leading to the enrichment of agriculture in different areas. Additionally, ideas also traversed these trade routes, promoting cultural diffusion across distant locations.
Q5: How did the use of technology transform food availability in Europe?
Ans: The advancement in transportation and its impact on food availability and affordability is summarised through the following points:
- Enhanced Transportation: Innovations like faster railways, lighter wagons, and larger ships revolutionised the movement of food from distant farms to markets. This transformation resulted in quicker and more cost-effective distribution.
- Challenges in Livestock Transportation: In the past, animals were transported live from America to Europe. However, many animals perished during the journey or arrived in an unfit condition for consumption. Consequently, meat prices soared due to these challenges.
- Introduction of Refrigerated Ships: The introduction of refrigerated ships addressed the challenges of livestock transportation. Animals could now be slaughtered at the point of origin, such as America, Australia, or New Zealand, and their frozen meat could be transported to Europe. This innovation significantly improved the quality of meat transport.
- Reduced Shipping Costs: The utilisation of refrigerated ships not only preserved the quality of meat but also reduced shipping costs substantially. This reduction in transportation expenses played a crucial role in lowering prices for meat in Europe.
- Benefits for the Poor: The availability of frozen meat due to refrigerated ships allowed the poorer sections of society to access a wider variety of food. This improved food diversity played a pivotal role in enhancing the living conditions of those with limited resources.