Manufacturing Industries
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important Questions  / Manufacturing Industries

Class 10 Geography Chapter 6
Manufacturing Industries
Important Questions

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Provided here are substantial Class 10 Geography questions for Chapter 6, titled "Manufacturing Industries". These queries are meticulously crafted to serve as effective tools for student preparation, enabling comprehensive practice and the possibility of attaining noteworthy scores in the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination scheduled for the academic year 2023-24. Spanning a spectrum of question formats, these inquiries are strategically designed to alleviate uncertainties, foster a state of preparedness for the examination, enhance proficiency in problem-solving, and nurture a sense of self-assurance among students


Within the Class 10 NCERT Chapter 5 centred on "Manufacturing Industries" in Geography, the term "Manufacturing" signifies the creation of goods from raw materials on a significant scale. While the core focus is on production, the individuals engaged in the manufacturing process are considered secondary activities within this context. The scope of manufacturing industries encompasses a wide spectrum, encompassing establishments ranging from bakeries to steel plants.

manufacturing industries class 10 important questions

Class 10  Chapter Manufacturing Industries Important Questions and Answers

Q1. Air pollution is caused by the presence of __________.


(a) Sulphur dioxide
(b) Carbon monoxide
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of the above

Ans. (C)

Common pollutants produced by engines that burn fossil fuels are carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and particulates. Stoves, incinerators, and open burning produce carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, as well as particulates.

Q2. Which sector among the following is considered as the backbone in the overall economic development of a country?


(a) Manufacturing sector
(b) Service sector
(c) Agriculture sector 
(d) None of the above

Ans. (a)

The manufacturing sector is considered the backbone of development of a country.

Q3. How many aluminium smelting plants are there in India and where are they located?

There are 8 aluminium smelting plants in India, located in Odisha, West Bengal, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

Q4. "Textile industry occupies a unique position in Indian economy." Support the statement with appropriate arguments.

The textile industry occupies a unique position in Indian economy because :
(i) It contributes significantly to industrial production and it also provides employment.
(ii) Earns foreign exchange of 24.6%.
(iii) Its contribution towards the GDP is about 4%.

Q5. Examine any five factors affecting the location of industries in India.

Factors affecting the location of industries in India are : 
1. Raw Material : The easy availability of raw materials is an important factor that affects the bay (now Mumbai) had supply of cotton coming from Gujarat and Vidarbha and the jute mills of Hooghly region got the raw material from the delta region of the Ganga. The nature of raw material also has a bearing on the location. 
2. Energy : Energy is another important factor that affects the location of an industry. For example, the iron and steel industry has been traditionally tied with the coal resources, as it uses coal as cooking fuel. Similarly, the electro-metallurgical and electro-chemical industries, being power intensive, have been located where electricity is easily available. 
3. Transport : A cheap and effective transport system is another factor that determines the location of an industry. Transport is required for carrying raw materials to manufacturing units and finished products to the market. The earliest industries developed near the port towns of Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai, as these ports were linked with rail and road to the hinterland. This infrastructure for transport was further developed after Independence. 
4. Labour : Easy availability of cheap labour is another factor for the determination of the location of an industry. Unskilled labour is easily available in urban locations due to large rural-urban migration. One characteristic feature of labour as a factor of production is its mobility. The industrial belt around Mumbai attracts labour from all over the country. Some of the small-scale industries traditionally associated with labour are glass work (Firozabad), brass work (Moradabad), utensils (Yamunanagar in Haryana), silk sarees (Varanasi), carpets (Mirzapur), etc. 
5. Market : High demand and a satisfactory purchasing power give impetus to industrial development. Government policies facilitate expansion of the market and, thus, of the industry. Markets may be local, national or international.

cbse class 10 Social Science geography Manufacturing Industries important questions and answerscbse class 10 Social Science geography Manufacturing Industries important questions and answers

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter wise Important Questions

Chapter No. Chapter Name
Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialization
Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World
Chapter 6 Resources and Development
Chapter 7 Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 8 Water Resources
Chapter 9 Agriculture
Chapter 10 Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 11 Manufacturing Industries
Political Science
Chapter 12 Power – sharing
Chapter 13 Federalism
Chapter 14 Gender, Religion and Caste
Chapter 15 Political Parties
Chapter 16 Outcomes of Democracy
Chapter 17 Development
Chapter 18 Sectors of the Indian Economy
Chapter 19 Money and Credit
Chapter 20 Globalization and The Indian Economy


If you are looking to enhance your understanding of the topics discussed in this chapter, provides an extensive array of questions carefully crafted to aid in achieving a comprehensive grasp of the concepts.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1 : What is manufacturing?

Ans: Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to more valuable products is called manufacturing.

Q2: What are the basic industries?

Ans: Basic or key industries are those that provide their products as raw materials for the production of other goods. Examples include iron and steel, copper smelting, and aluminium smelting. On the other hand, consumer industries produce goods directly for consumer use, such as sugar, toothpaste, paper, sewing machines, and fans.

Q3 : Why is the jute industry mainly concentrated in West Bengal?

Ans: The jute industry is primarily concentrated in West Bengal due to several factors. The soil of the Ganga Brahmaputra delta in West Bengal is well-suited for jute cultivation, which accounts for the concentration of jute industries in this region. Additionally, West Bengal experiences a humid climate and receives substantial rainfall, approximately 200 cm, which are vital conditions for the successful growth of jute crops.

Q4 : Define solar energy. How is it used?

Ans: Low consumption of steel in India are because of the following reasons: High costs and limited availability of coking coal. Low productivity of labour. Disrupted supply of electricity.

Q5 : How do industries pollute the air?

Ans: Air pollution arises from industrial sources emitting smoke containing harmful gases like carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. The contamination of water bodies occurs when untreated industrial wastewater is discharged into them. The problem of industrial pollution is exacerbated by inadequate policies and lax enforcement measures.

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