The study of Class 10 Political Science Political Parties enables students to understand how these entities serve as instruments for the distribution of political power within federal systems. Students explore the pivotal roles played by political parties in the emergence of democracies, the development of constitutional frameworks, engagement in electoral processes, and the operation of governments. This study sheds light on how power allocation mechanisms are employed to address linguistic and regional diversities. Throughout their exploration of this chapter, students will encounter thought-provoking questions deeply connected to its core concepts.
In Class 10 Political Parties Chapter 4, students will study Political Parties to serve as a comprehensive exploration of how political parties function as instruments for the distribution of political power in federal systems. Students will delve into the pivotal role of political parties in the emergence of democracies, the crafting of constitutional frameworks, engagement in electoral processes, and the operation of governments. The chapter will also illuminate the ways in which political power is allocated to address linguistic and regional disparities, presenting students with thought-provoking questions intricately tied to these core concepts. refresh only
The United States of America and U.K. are examples of two-party systems.
There are three main components of a political party:
Leader,active members and followers.
1. The strength of a democracy depends to a great extent on the constructive role of the opposition.
2. To check the government from becoming authoritarian and restrict its power, the opposition parties keep a watch over them.
3. The main duty of the opposition party is to criticise the policies of the government and also check the expenditure of the government.
A party that secures at least six per cent of total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four states and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognised as a national party.A political party is called a national party if :
(i) It secures at least six per cent (6%) of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, at a general election to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly;
(ii) In addition, it wins at least four seats in the House of the People from any State or States.
Functions of Political Parties :
(i) Candidates are put forward by political parties to contest elections. These candidates may be chosen by the top leaders or by members of the party. In some countries like the USA, members and supporters of a party choose its candidate.
(ii) Parties put forward their policies and programmes for voters to choose from them. A government is expected to base its policies on the line taken by the ruling party (Political party then runs government).
(iii) Political parties play a major role in making laws for the country. No law can become a bill unless majority parties support it.
(iv) Political parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes. It is easier for the public to approach their local party leader than a government officer. The local party leader has to listen to the public demand, otherwise people can reject them in the next elections.(v) Parties shape public opinion. They raise and highlight issues. Parties sometimes also launch movements for the resolution of the problem faced by the people.
To facilitate a deeper understanding of the chapter's concepts and foster comprehensive comprehension, oswal.io offers a diverse range of questions designed to enhance students' engagement with the subject matter.
Ans: A political party is a group of people who follow an ideology and thus come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.
Ans: A political party comprises members who share common policies for the betterment of society. It aims to implement these policies by winning popular support in elections, led by a leader with the support of party workers and supporters.
Ans: A one-party system is not considered a good option in a democratic system because voters are not offered any choice at the time of voting. This is not a democratic option. Any democratic system must allow at least two parties to compete in elections and provide a fair chance for the competing parties to come to power.
Ans: The three ways in which political parties shape the public opinion: i They raise and highlight issues. ii Parties have lakhs of members and activists spread all over the country. Many of the pressure groups are the extensions of political parties among different sections of the society. iii Parties sometimes also launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people.
Ans: Political parties function as essential pillars of democracy, serving as vehicles through which people come together in pursuit of the public interest. They play a crucial role in representing diverse perspectives on various issues to the government, and they bring together diverse representatives to establish a stable and responsible government.