The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

Class 10 History Chapter 1
The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Important Questions

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Here are some important Class 10 History questions for Chapter 1, "The Rise of Nationalism in Europe." These questions aim to aid students in practising and achieving high scores in their CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination 2023-24. Diverse question types will assist in clarifying doubts and effective exam preparation, enhancing problem-solving skills, and building confidence.

Introduction

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe" explores the emergence and growth of nationalist movements in various European countries during the 19th century. It focuses on how people came together to form nation-states based on shared language, culture, and history. The chapter covers key events, such as the French Revolution, the unification of Italy and Germany, and the impact of nationalism on Ottoman empires.

the rise of nationalism in europe important questions

Class 10 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Important Questions and Answers

Q 1. ‘‘When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold’’. Who among the following said this popular line ?

Options

(a) Giuseppe Mazzini
(b) Metternich
(c) Otto Von Bismarck
(d) Guiseppe Garibaldi

Ans. (b)

Explanation:
“When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold,” was said by Metternich, the Austrian chancellor. He believed that the political developments in France were intriguing for other European nations.

Q 2. Who among the following was proclaimed King of united Italy in 1861?

Options

(a) Charles I
(b) Victor Emmanuel II
(c) Giuseppe Garibaldi
(d) Nero

Ans. (b)

Explanation:
Victor Emanuel II.Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878) First king (1861-1878) of united Italy and last king of Piedmont-Sardinia (1849-1861).

Q 3. Name the ‘Act’ which resulted in the formation of ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’.

Explanation:
The Acts of Union, passed by the English and Scottish Parliaments in 1707, led to the creation of a united kingdom to be called “Great Britain” on 1 May of that year. The UK Parliament met for the first time in October 1707.

Q 4. Name the customs union formed at the initiative of Prussia in 1834.

Explanation:
Zollverein, German customs union established in 1834 under Prussian leadership. It created a free-trade area throughout much of Germany and is often seen as an important step in German reunification.

Q 5. Describe the explosive conditions prevailed in the Balkans after 1871 in Europe.

Explanation:
Balkan region was a source of tension because of the following reasons: 
(i) It was a region of geographical, ethnic variation comprising Romania, Bulgaria, etc., and its inhabitants were broadly known as Slavs. 
(ii) Large part of Balkans was under the Ottoman Empire and the disintegration of which created an explosive situation. One by one its European subject nationalities broke away from its control and declared independence. 
(iii) Balkan peoples based their claims for independence or political rights on nationality and used history to prove that they were independent but subsequently subjugated. 
(iv) The Balkan states were fiercely jealous of each other & hoped to gain territory. 
(v) Matters complicated because of intense rivalry among European powers over Trade & colonies as well as naval and military might. 

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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter wise Important Questions

Chapter No. Chapter Name
History
Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialization
Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World
Geography
Chapter 6 Resources and Development
Chapter 7 Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 8 Water Resources
Chapter 9 Agriculture
Chapter 10 Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 11 Manufacturing Industries
Political Science
Chapter 12 Power – sharing
Chapter 13 Federalism
Chapter 14 Gender, Religion and Caste
Chapter 15 Political Parties
Chapter 16 Outcomes of Democracy
Economics
Chapter 17 Development
Chapter 18 Sectors of the Indian Economy
Chapter 19 Money and Credit
Chapter 20 Globalization and The Indian Economy
cbse class 10 Social Science History The rise of Nationalism in Europe important questions and answers

Conclusion

If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, oswal.io provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1:  Define the meaning of “Imperialism.”

Ans: Imperialism is the ideology and policy of extending the rule or authority of a country over that of another and its people either through military, economic or political means.

Q2: What was the main aim of the French Revolutionaries?

Ans: The main aim of the French revolutionaries was to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. They proclaimed that it was the people who would constitute the nation and shape its decisions.

Q3: What was the main aim of the Treaty of Vienna 1815? What were the main provisions of the Treaty of Vienna held in 1815?

Ans: The main intention was to restore the monarchies that had been overthrown by Napoleon, and create a new conservative order in Europe.

Q4: Highlight the role of Otto Von Bismarck in the making of Germany.

Ans: Bismarck had a number of primary aims: to unify the north German states under Prussian control. to weaken Prussia's main rival, Austria, by removing it from the German Federation. to make Berlin, not Vienna, the centre of German affairs.

Q5: What did Liberal Nationalism stand for?

Ans: The term Liberal Nationalism is the adherence to the principles of equality, tolerance, liberty, and individual rights. Liberal nationalism stands for many things – individual liberty, representative government, violence against private property, equality before the law, and the constitution.

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