The chapter delves into the intricacies of Federalism, shedding light on how power is allocated to address linguistic and regional distinctions. As students study this chapter, they will encounter questions intricately linked to its fundamental ideas. Furthermore, the solutions provided alongside these questions serve a dual role: fostering a comprehensive grasp of the material and refining the ability to formulate responses that are both lucid and impactful.
In Class 10 Civics Chapter 2, the complexities of Federalism are explored, illuminating how power is allocated to address linguistic and regional variations. Upon studying this chapter, students will encounter questions closely aligned with its themes. Furthermore, the provided solutions for these questions serve a dual function: nurturing a comprehensive grasp of the material and refining the ability to construct articulate and impactful responses.
USA, Switzerland and Australia are countries which combined different states together to form a country and hence an example for 'Coming Together' federation.
The Concurrent List contains subjects of common interest to both the Union as well as the States. These include education, forest, trade unions, marriage, adoption, and succession. Both, the Central and the state governments can make laws in the Concurrent List.
Panchayati Raj is a system of governance in which Gram Panchayats are the basic unit of administration.
(i) Gram Panchayat is a council consisting of several ward members known as Panch and a Sarpanch. They are directly elected by all the adult population living in that ward or village.
(ii) This feature of Gram Panchayat is very significant. People in a particular village elect their representatives who are very much acquainted or familiar with the local issues.
(iii) Thus, they can solve the problem of people easily and effectively. This is the feature which I liked the most in our country of the Panchayati Raj.
The major steps taken towards the decentralisation of powers in India in 1992 are given below :
(i) It formalised the local self government (Panchayati Raj system).
(ii) It empowers lower level management or people participation in decision making to solve problems and issues at the local level.
(iii) To hold regular elections of the local governing bodies.
(iv) Reserve one third seats for the women in the local self government.
(v) The state governments are needed for the purpose of sharing some powers and the revenue with local self governing bodies.
Federalism is the system of government in which power is shared among the different institutions not within the single constitution body. The constitution outlines the detail of power and functioning of the governments at different levels. India has tried to accommodate all its diversities in its federal set up. The policies that ensures success are :
(i) Linguistic states : States are divided on the basis of the language spoken in the state or region. Eg. Marathi is the language of Maharashtra, Assamese is the language of Assam.
(ii) Language policy : All languages have equal rights. There is no state language in the country.
(iii) Centre state relations : Powers are distributed among the two states and centres.
To enhance one's understanding of the chapter's concepts and delve deeper into the subject matter, oswal.io provides a comprehensive array of questions that can aid in strengthening comprehension.
Ans: Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country. Both these levels of government, the central and the state, enjoy their powers independently of each other.
Ans: The federal system has dual objectives: to safeguard and promote the unity of the country, while at the same time accommodating regional diversity.
Ans: The distribution of powers between the union and state governments is what makes India a federal country. In India, there are three lists divided between the centre and state governments, i.e. Union List: It includes areas of national importance like defence, foreign affairs, currency, banking, and communications.
Ans: The Judiciary plays an important role in overseeing the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures. In case of any dispute about the division of powers, the High Courts and the Supreme Court make a decision.
Ans: Decentralisation of power means sharing of power between different levels of government. In India, power is shared between the Central, State and Local Governments.