Nationalism in India

Class 10 History Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
Important Questions

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Presented below are a set of significant inquiries for Class 10 History, specifically focusing on Chapter 2, "Nationalism in India." These questions have been meticulously crafted to aid students in their preparation for the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination in the academic year 2023-24. The diverse array of question types encompassed in this collection is tailored to not only enhance the clarity of concepts but also foster effective exam strategy, fortify problem-solving proficiencies, and cultivate a sense of confidence in students.


NCERT Class 10 History Chapter 2 Nationalism in India discusses how Congress worked towards the national movement, with diverse social groups participating. The First World War's impact fueled India's fight for independence, igniting nationalism. The Satyagraha and Non-Cooperation Movement led by Gandhi played a significant role in the struggle.

nationalism in india class 10 important questions and answers

Class 10 Nationalism in India Important Questions and Answers

Q 1. Demand of ‘Purna Swaraj’ was formalised by Nehru at :


(a) Calcutta Congress Session
(b) Madras Congress Session
(c) Lahore Congress Session
(d) Nagpur Congress Session

Ans. (c)

In December 1929, under the Presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Lahore Congress formalised the demand of 'Purna Swaraj' or full independence for India.

Q 2. Who among the following wrote the Vande Mataram ?


(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
(c) Abanindranath Tagore
(d) Dwarkanath Tagore

Ans. (b)

In the 1870s, an Indian poet named Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote the famous 'Vande Mataram'- a hymn to the motherland. In this hymn, he personified India as a mother goddess.

Q 3. Describe the role of poor peasantry in the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement.’

Certain rich peasant communities like the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh were active in the movement. For them, the struggle for Swaraj was a struggle against high revenue. The poor peasants also demanded the revenue to be lowered and also wanted the unpaid rent to their landlords to be remitted.

Q 4. Why did Gandhiji decide to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922 ?

Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement due to various incidents of violence perpetrated by the masses, especially the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 where the people clashed with the police, setting a police-station on fire.

Q 5. Explain the measures taken by Gandhiji to eliminate the problem of untouchability.

Mahatma Gandhi called 'untouchables' as Harijans or “Children of God” and worked for their liberation. He organised satyagrahas to secure the Dalits entry into temples, access to public wells, tanks, roads, and schools. To dignify the work of the sweepers, he himself took up the task of cleaning toilets.

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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter wise Important Questions

Chapter No. Chapter Name
Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialization
Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World
Chapter 6 Resources and Development
Chapter 7 Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 8 Water Resources
Chapter 9 Agriculture
Chapter 10 Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 11 Manufacturing Industries
Political Science
Chapter 12 Power – sharing
Chapter 13 Federalism
Chapter 14 Gender, Religion and Caste
Chapter 15 Political Parties
Chapter 16 Outcomes of Democracy
Chapter 17 Development
Chapter 18 Sectors of the Indian Economy
Chapter 19 Money and Credit
Chapter 20 Globalization and The Indian Economy
cbse class 10 Social Science History Nationalism in India important questions and answers cbse class 10 Social Science History Nationalism in India important questions and answers


If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What are the main topics covered in Nationalism in India for Class 10 History?

Ans: Main topics covered in Nationalism in India are as follows:

  • World War 1
  • Satyagraha
  • Rowlatt Act of 1919
  • Non Cooperation and Khilafat
  • Non-Cooperation Movement in Stages
  • Civil Disobedience Movement 
  • Beginning of Civil Disobedience
  • Participants in the Civil Disobedience Movement
  • Salt March

Q2: How patriotism can be introduced in a person?

Ans: At a young age children and young adults should be taught about the importance of patriotism. Child’s mind and heart should be filled with love for their country.

Q3: What is nationalism?

Ans: Nationalism refers to the feeling of oneness that emerges when people living in a common region share the same historical, political, cultural background, speak the same language, have the same cultural values and consider themselves as one nation.

Q4: What do you mean by Satyagraha?

Ans: Satyagraha was a novel method of mass agitation, which stressed the principle of truth, tolerance, non-violence and peaceful protests. Satyagraha supported that for true cause and struggle against injustice, physical force is not required to fight with the oppressor. 

Q5: How was the Rowlatt Act opposed by the people in India?

Ans: In response to the impending Rowlatt Act, Mahatma Gandhi, who had previously established a Satyagraha Sabha, rallied for a nationwide demonstration. On 6 April 1919, the entire nation united in observing National Humiliation Day. Gandhi's vision encompassed a campaign of non-violent civil disobedience against these unjust regulations. In numerous cities, strikes known as hartals and rallies were orchestrated as a form of protest. Notably, railway workshops saw workers engaging in strikes, while shops shut their doors in solidarity. Despite its non-violent nature, this movement effectively conveyed its message and left an impactful imprint.

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