Presented below are a set of significant inquiries for Class 10 History, specifically focusing on Chapter 2, "Nationalism in India." These questions have been meticulously crafted to aid students in their preparation for the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination in the academic year 2023-24. The diverse array of question types encompassed in this collection is tailored to not only enhance the clarity of concepts but also foster effective exam strategy, fortify problem-solving proficiencies, and cultivate a sense of confidence in students.
NCERT Class 10 History Chapter 2 Nationalism in India discusses how Congress worked towards the national movement, with diverse social groups participating. The First World War's impact fueled India's fight for independence, igniting nationalism. The Satyagraha and Non-Cooperation Movement led by Gandhi played a significant role in the struggle.
In December 1929, under the Presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Lahore Congress formalised the demand of 'Purna Swaraj' or full independence for India.
In the 1870s, an Indian poet named Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote the famous 'Vande Mataram'- a hymn to the motherland. In this hymn, he personified India as a mother goddess.
Certain rich peasant communities like the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh were active in the movement. For them, the struggle for Swaraj was a struggle against high revenue. The poor peasants also demanded the revenue to be lowered and also wanted the unpaid rent to their landlords to be remitted.
Gandhiji decided to withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement due to various incidents of violence perpetrated by the masses, especially the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 where the people clashed with the police, setting a police-station on fire.
Mahatma Gandhi called 'untouchables' as Harijans or “Children of God” and worked for their liberation. He organised satyagrahas to secure the Dalits entry into temples, access to public wells, tanks, roads, and schools. To dignify the work of the sweepers, he himself took up the task of cleaning toilets.
If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, oswal.io provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way
Ans: Main topics covered in Nationalism in India are as follows:
Ans: At a young age children and young adults should be taught about the importance of patriotism. Child’s mind and heart should be filled with love for their country.
Ans: Nationalism refers to the feeling of oneness that emerges when people living in a common region share the same historical, political, cultural background, speak the same language, have the same cultural values and consider themselves as one nation.
Ans: Satyagraha was a novel method of mass agitation, which stressed the principle of truth, tolerance, non-violence and peaceful protests. Satyagraha supported that for true cause and struggle against injustice, physical force is not required to fight with the oppressor.
Ans: In response to the impending Rowlatt Act, Mahatma Gandhi, who had previously established a Satyagraha Sabha, rallied for a nationwide demonstration. On 6 April 1919, the entire nation united in observing National Humiliation Day. Gandhi's vision encompassed a campaign of non-violent civil disobedience against these unjust regulations. In numerous cities, strikes known as hartals and rallies were orchestrated as a form of protest. Notably, railway workshops saw workers engaging in strikes, while shops shut their doors in solidarity. Despite its non-violent nature, this movement effectively conveyed its message and left an impactful imprint.