The Age of Industrialisation
CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important Questions  /  The Age of Industrialisation

Class 10 History Chapter 4
The Age of Industrialisation
Important Questions

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Provided below are pivotal inquiries concerning Class 10 History, specifically concentrating on Chapter 4, "The Age of Industrialisation." These questions have been thoughtfully curated to serve as a valuable tool for students seeking to excel in the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination during the academic year 2023-24. The encompassing assortment of question styles incorporated in this compilation is purposefully tailored not only to foster lucidity in comprehension but also to facilitate strategic exam readiness, reinforce adeptness in addressing challenges, and cultivate self-assuredness among students.


In Europe, The age of industrialization marked the start of modernization, accompanied by the establishment of factories and extensive production, leading to global trade. Technological innovations accelerated this transformation. European colonies were also modernised. This chapter will discuss the history of Britain, the pioneering industrial nation, and India, where industrial change was shaped by colonial rule.

the age of industrialisation class 10 important questions

Class 10 The Age of Industrialisation Important Questions and Answers

Q 1. Industrialisation began in which one of the following European countries in the second half of the eighteenth century?


(a) Germany  
(b) France
(c) Italy
(d) England

Ans. (d)

Industries began to develop in England during the second half of the eighteenth century, and by the nineteenth century.

Q 2.  The ''Spinning Jenny'' was designed in the year :


(a) 1746
(b) 1647
(c) 1674
(d) 1764

Ans. (d)

The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame, and was one of the key developments in the industrialisation of textile manufacturing during the early Industrial Revolution. It was invented in 1764 or 1765 by James Hargreaves.

Q 3. Why did the elite of Britain prefer hand made goods in the mid-nineteenth century? Explain.

The upper class in Victorian Britain preferred things produced by hand because they came to symbolise refinement and class. a. The products could be customised according to their choices and they could get these made according to their wishes and likes.

Q 4. Why were there clashes between the weavers and the Gomasthas? Explain.

They were greedy and the weavers were blamed for mistakes in delivering supplies. Because of this reason there was a fight between both the Gomasthas and the Weavers.

Q 5. How did cotton factories become an intimate part of the English landscape in the early 19th century? Explain.

Cotton factories became an intimate part of the English landscape in the early 19th century. In the 19th century, a series of inventions took place and it increased the efficiency of production at every step of the production process, especially in the field of cotton textiles.

cbse class 10 Social Science History The Age of Industrialisation important questions and answerscbse class 10 Social Science History The Age of Industrialisation important questions and answers

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter wise Important Questions

Chapter No. Chapter Name
Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialization
Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World
Chapter 6 Resources and Development
Chapter 7 Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 8 Water Resources
Chapter 9 Agriculture
Chapter 10 Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 11 Manufacturing Industries
Political Science
Chapter 12 Power – sharing
Chapter 13 Federalism
Chapter 14 Gender, Religion and Caste
Chapter 15 Political Parties
Chapter 16 Outcomes of Democracy
Chapter 17 Development
Chapter 18 Sectors of the Indian Economy
Chapter 19 Money and Credit
Chapter 20 Globalization and The Indian Economy


If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What is ‘Industrialisation’ as stated in the chapter the age of industrialisation?

Ans: Industrialization is the process of transforming an economy from primarily agricultural to one based on the manufacturing of goods.

Q2: What are the uses of industrial change?

Ans: The benefits of industrialization include increased job opportunities, inspiring innovation, higher production levels, raising the standard of living, and alleviating poverty.

Q3: What does Chapter 4 of Class 10 History brief about?

Ans: Chapter 4 of Class 10 History explores industrialization and its role in initiating modernization. It discusses how the establishment of factories facilitated large-scale production, leading to global trade. The chapter also addresses questions about Britain's status as the first industrial nation and how colonial rule influenced the pattern of industrial change in India.

Q4: List the important topics students should learn from Chapter 4 of Class 10 History.

Ans: In Chapter 4 of Class 10 History, students will learn about the following important topics: Before the Industrial Revolution,Hand Labour and Steam Power,Industrialization in the Colonies,Factories Come Up,The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth and Market for Goods.

Q5: Describe the steps taken by the government to protect the species from    becoming extinct.

Ans: The following are the steps taken by the government to protect the species from being extinct.

  • Implementation of Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. According to it a list of protected species in India was published to protect the endangered species.
  • Hunting and trade in wildlife has been banned to give legal protection to their habitat.
  • Various national parks and wildlife sanctuaries have been established to give natural habitat to the species facing extinction.
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