In a democratic government, people elect their rulers, and democracy brings forth qualities such as equality, dignity, improved decision-making, conflict resolution, self-correction, the right to choose and control leaders, citizen participation, government accountability, negotiation and deliberation, transparency, and mechanisms for citizen involvement in decision-making. Class 10 Political Science Outcomes of Democracy also highlights how power allocation mechanisms are used to address linguistic and regional diversities. As students delve into this chapter, they will encounter thought-provoking questions intricately linked to its fundamental ideas.
In Class 10 Outcomes of Democracy Chapter 5, students will learn that it yields substantial outcomes for society. It empowers individuals with the right to choose their leaders and exert authority over them. Citizens play a pivotal role in shaping the decision-making process, thereby holding the government accountable and ensuring its responsiveness to their needs and aspirations. Democracy operates within well-defined rules and procedures, enabling citizens to verify the legality of decisions. Moreover, it emphasises citizens' ongoing right to participate in decision-making, underscoring the significance of governance by elected representatives chosen directly by the people.
Decisions taken by a democratic government are more likely to be acceptable to the people as they have a say in the decision-making process. On the other hand, in a non-democratic government, decisions are taken by an individual or a group of individuals without any input from the people, which may not be acceptable to the people.
Features of Dictatorship: 1. One Party,One Leader and One Programme:Rule of one individual or party. 2. Absence of Individual Liberty 3. National Glorification 4. The glorification of War: Faith in force and war. 5. Totalitarian State
The following constitutional provisions make India a secular state:
(i) There is no official religion for the Indian state.
(ii) The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
Democracy helps to accommodate social diversities as follows :
(i) Equality is maintained and fair representation is given to all irrespective of their caste, creed, colour etc.
(ii) It ensures that the majority always works in cooperation with the minority.(iii) It never tries to give undue preference to any one in majority.
(iv) It has better possibilities to handle social differences positively.
(v) Democracy is the best form to resolveconflict because of the independent judiciary.
(i) Democracy produces an accountable government because it provides regular, free and fair elections regularly.
(ii) Open discussions are held on all major issues and legislation, through which public opinion is created.
(iii) Democracy gives its citizens the right to information about the government and its functioning.(iv) Democracy provides a responsive government as it is formed by elected representatives of the people. The representatives also ensure that the programmes are implemented.
(v) Democracies follow the constitution, this increases the faith of people in the law and the constitution.
To enhance students' grasp of the chapter's concepts and foster a deeper understanding, oswal.io offers a diverse range of thought-provoking questions thoughtfully designed to elevate their engagement with the subject matter. These questions aim to encourage critical thinking and promote a comprehensive understanding of the material.
Ans: Transparency in a democracy refers to the openness and accessibility of government actions, decisions, and processes to the public. It involves making information about government activities readily available to citizens, thereby allowing them to scrutinise and assess what their elected representatives and government officials are doing.
Ans: Democracy's literal meaning is the people's rule. In democracies, every citizen's vote has the same value irrespective of gender, caste, religion, or race. This ensures political equality among its citizens.
Ans: Democracy ensures the protection of individual rights through a system of checks and balances. In a democratic society, there are independent institutions, such as a judiciary and a free press, which monitor and safeguard individual rights. Laws and constitutions in democracies typically enshrine fundamental rights and freedoms, and citizens have the right to challenge any violation of these rights in courts. Additionally, elected representatives are accountable to the people, which incentivizes them to uphold and protect the rights of citizens. This combination of legal frameworks, independent institutions, and political accountability helps ensure the protection of individual rights in a democracy.
Ans: Democratic government is a legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean. But a democratic government is peoples’ own government. That is why there is overwhelming support for the idea of democracy all over the world. People’s wish to be ruled by representatives elected by them. As a democratic government is peoples’ own government, they believe that democracy is suitable for their country as it is a legitimate government. Democracy’s ability to generate its own support is itself an outcome that cannot be ignored.
Ans: The government can be accountable by framing and developing various laws and policies in which citizens can hold the government responsible if any of those policies and laws are not implemented or are held against the welfare of the citizens.
The government can be responsible when people start taking action when the government becomes insensitive about their aspirations. People can hold protests, carry out campaigns and organise rallies and force the government to respond to them. A democratic government is a legitimate government, as it is elected by citizens and enjoys the confidence and trust of the citizens.