Here is a set of significant questions for Class 10 Geography, focusing on Chapter 2, "Forest and Wildlife Resources." These questions have been thoughtfully compiled to assist students in their preparation for the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination in the academic year 2023-24. The diverse range of question types encompassed in this collection is designed to not only clarify concepts but also foster effective exam strategy, strengthen problem-solving abilities, and instil a sense of confidence in students.
Chapter 2 of Class 10 Geography introduces students to resources and their classification. It provides an in-depth understanding of resource development and resource planning in India. The chapter covers land resources and the classification of various types of soils found in India. It also discusses the critical topics of soil erosion and soil conservation.
India receives nearly 4 per cent of the global precipitation and ranks 133 in the world in terms of water availability per person per annum.
Of total freshwater, over 68 percent is locked up in ice and glaciers. Another 30 percent of freshwater is in the ground. Rivers are the source of most of the fresh surface water people use.
Wildlife sanctuaries of various country promote the following:
1. Wildlife sanctuaries have been formed to conserve and maintain the diversity and integrity of natural heritage.
2. They help to preserve natural ecosystems.
3. They teach us the value of sharing because we humans along with all living organisms form a complex web of ecological systems in which we are only a part and very much dependent on this system for our own existence.
Role of communities in the conservation of forest and wildlife can be explained as follows:
(i) ‘Sariska Tiger Reserve’ is situated in Rajasthan, here the people of nearby villages have fought against mining activities and protecting the natural habitat of wildlife.
(ii) In Alwar, Rajasthan, the people of five villages have declared 1200 hectares of forest as the “Bhairodev Dakav Sonchuri”. They set their own rules and regulations which do not allow hunting.(iii) Chipko movement by locals in the Himalayas successfully resisted deforestation.
Five steps that have been taken to protect the wildlife in India are:
1. Under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972, an All India list of protected species was published. The thrust was on protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by:
(a) Banning hunting.
(b) Giving legal protection to their habitats.
(c) Restricting trade in wildlife.
2. Many wildlife sanctuaries have been developed and National Parks have been set up.
3. Many projects have been started for protecting specific animals which were gravely threatened, e.g. Project Tiger, One-horned Rhino, the Kashmir Stag (hangul), three types of crocodiles —the fresh water, salt-water and Gharials, the Asiatic Lion, etc.
4. Most recently, some animals have been given full or partial legal protection against hunting and trading throughout India, e.g., Indian elephant, black buck, great Indian bustard and the snow leopard, etc.
5. Setting up biosphere reserves for conserving flora and fauna in their natural surroundings and protection of wetland ecosystems is another step taken in this direction.
If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, oswal.io provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way.
Ans: Consequences of deforestation include:
Ans: Natural resources are readily available in nature, having existed on Earth since life originated. However, non-renewable resources require careful usage as they can get exhausted over time. Fossil fuels, for instance, take millions of years to form and are finite in quantity. To conserve and manage these resources effectively, various methods have been devised and implemented by natural resource management organisations.
Ans: Wildlife destruction is caused due to:
Increasing demand for hides and meat, leading to hunting of animals.
Cutting down forests, resulting in scarcity of food and space, leading to the loss of many animals.
Frequent floods and earthquakes, which are natural causes of wildlife destruction.
Ans: Wildlife conservation involves:
Ans: Biodiversity is the sum total of all the varieties of species of plants, animals and microorganisms living on the earth. It also includes the habitat in which they live. Some scientists estimate that more than 10 million species live on our earth and some believe that this number can be more than 100 million.