Presented here are pivotal questions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 4, "Agriculture," meticulously curated to bolster students' preparation for the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination 2023-24. This assortment encompasses a wide array of question types, designed to elucidate concepts, refine exam strategies, fortify analytical abilities, and foster a sense of assurance in students.
In Chapter 4 of Class 10 Geography, you'll delve into the substantial engagement of approximately two-thirds of India's population in agricultural endeavours. Agriculture holds a pivotal role, being a primary endeavour that provides the majority of essential raw materials for a wide range of industries. As you progress through the chapter, you'll delve into an exploration of diverse farming techniques, cropping patterns, and the significant crops cultivated across India. Ultimately, the chapter concludes by shedding light on the profound contribution of Agriculture to the national economy, employment landscape, and overall output.
This rearing of silkworms to produce silk is called sericulture.
India is the world's largest producer of milk, pulses and Jute. India ranks as the second-largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton.
Features of Kharif crop season :
(i) It begins with the onset of monsoon in May.
(ii) Crops are harvested in September – October.
(iii) Requires more rainfall between 100-110 cm.
(iv) It requires loamy or alluvial soil.
Features of Rabi crop season :
(i) It begins with the withdrawal of the monsoon in October. They are sown in winters from October to December.
(ii) At the time of ripening, it requires bright sunshine and is harvested in Summer from April to June.
(iii) Crops depend on sub-soil moisture.
(iv) Requires less rainfall between 50-75 cm. Availability of precipitation during winter months due to western temperate cyclones help in the success of these crops.
The features of primitive subsistence farming are given below :
(i) It is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks with the help of family members.
(ii) It depends upon monsoons, natural fertility of soil and environmental suitability.
(iii) It is also called ‘slash and burn’ agriculture.
(iv) Farmers clear a patch of land and produce crops for their sustenance.
(v) When the soil fertility decreases, farmers shift to new area, clear forest by burning and again sow crops.
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Ans: The realm of agriculture encompasses crop cultivation and livestock breeding. This occupation holds great significance as farmers play a vital role in propelling the development and advancement of our nation.
Ans: Every state relies on its distinct monsoon seasons, pivotal for the growth and cultivation of crops. Monsoon rains hold immense importance in nurturing and sustaining crop cultivation.
Ans: Rice, wheat, millets, pulses, tea, coffee are some of the main crops in India.
Ans: Rice, a staple food crop in India, thrives in the flatlands of northern and northeastern regions, coastal areas, and delta regions.
Ans: The chapter covers essential themes such as various farming types, cropping patterns, major crops, non-grain food crops, non-food crops, and technological and institutional reforms.