Resources and Development

Class 10 Geography Chapter 1
Resources and Development
Important Questions

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Here are some crucial Class 10 Geography questions for Chapter 1, "Resources and Development." These questions aim to aid students in practising and achieving high scores in their CBSE Class 10 Social Science Examination 2023-24. Diverse question types will assist in clarifying doubts and effective exam preparation, enhancing problem-solving skills, and building confidence.


Class 10 Geography's Resources and Development chapter delves into the realm of resources and their classification. This chapter serves as a foundational exploration into resource development and strategic planning in India. Within its scope, the chapter comprehensively addresses the spectrum of land resources and categorises the diverse array of soils prevalent in India. Furthermore, it delves into the pressing subjects of soil erosion and the imperative need for soil conservation."

resource and development class 10 important questions

Class 10 Resources and Development Important Questions and Answers

Q1. Which one of the following human activities has contributed most in land degradation ?


(a) Deforestation 
(b) Overgrazing
(c) Mining 
(d) Over-irrigation

Ans. (a)

Some human activities such as deforestation, overgrazing, mining and quarrying too have contributed significantly in land degradation.

Q2. Which among the following is NOT a problem of resource development ?


(a) Depletion of resources for satisfying the greed of few individuals.
(b) Accumulation of resources in a few hands.
(c) Indiscriminate exploitation of resources.
(d) An equitable distribution of resources.

Ans. (d)

Problems for resource development are :- • Depletion of resources for satisfying the greed of a few individuals. • Accumulation of resources in few hands, which, in turn, divided the society into two segments i.e. haves and have nots or rich and poor. • Indiscriminate exploitation of resources.

Q3. Mention any three features of arid soils.

Features of arid soils :
(i) Arid soils range from red to brown in colour and have a sandy texture. 
(ii) They are saline in nature. Due to the presence of dry climate and high temperature, evaporation occurs at a faster rate. Hence, this soil lacks humus and moisture.
(iii) Arid soils contain a considerable amount of soluble salts and owing to dry climate and lack of vegetation, contain a low percentage of organic matter too.

Q4. Describe the importance of judicious use of resources.

The importance of judicious use of resources are given below :
(i) Resource planning : Planning is an important step in a country like India where resources are enormously diverse for judicious use of resources. It provides economically viable and sustainable solutions to the issues related to resources and serves efficiently and effectively.
(ii) Management resources : The proper management is vital for the efficient and sustainable use of resources. The proper management of resources successfully links the human and resources resulting in its judicious use.
(iii) Awareness : The awareness plays an important role in planning, management and use of resources. It is an responsibility of an individual to affectionately plan and manage their local resources and should manage and harness them in the sustainable and best possible way like a vacant piece of community land that can be brought under use by building parks, gardens, etc.

Q5. What is meant by ‘resources’? Mention the four basis to classify the resources.

Everything available in our environment which can be used to satisfy our needs is called a Resource. Resources are technologically accessible, economically feasible and culturally acceptable. Examples are coal, minerals, forest, land, water, fossil fuels etc.
Resources are classified as follows :
(i) On the basis of origin
(a) Biotic : living resources like plants etc.
(b) Abiotic : Non living resources like solar energy, land etc.

(ii) On the basis of exhaustibility
(a) Renewable : Which can be recreated like solar energy etc.
(b) Non-Renewable : Which cannot be recreated like fossil fuels.

(iii) On the basis of ownership
(a) Individual (Personal) : Owned by an individual person.
(b) Community : Owned by the whole community.
(c) National : Owned by a country.
(d) International : Accessed by all nations.

(iv) On the basis of status of development.
(a) Potential : Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised.
(b) Developed : Which are surveyed and quality and quantity shows the utilisation.
(c) Reserve : Which can be used for meeting future requirements.
(d) Stock : Which can not be used due to the lack of appropriate technology to use these resources.

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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter wise Important Questions

Chapter No. Chapter Name
Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
Chapter 2 Nationalism in India
Chapter 3 The Making of a Global World
Chapter 4 The Age of Industrialization
Chapter 5 Print Culture and the Modern World
Chapter 6 Resources and Development
Chapter 7 Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 8 Water Resources
Chapter 9 Agriculture
Chapter 10 Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 11 Manufacturing Industries
Political Science
Chapter 12 Power – sharing
Chapter 13 Federalism
Chapter 14 Gender, Religion and Caste
Chapter 15 Political Parties
Chapter 16 Outcomes of Democracy
Chapter 17 Development
Chapter 18 Sectors of the Indian Economy
Chapter 19 Money and Credit
Chapter 20 Globalization and The Indian Economy
cbse class 10 Social Science geography Resources and Development important questions and answers cbse class 10 Social Science geography Resources and Development important questions and answers


If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: Why are resources important?

Ans: Resources when used as a raw material satisfy the needs and comforts of human beings. Natural resources are a source of agricultural activities which adds to the economic importance. They also provide employment opportunities.

Q2: What are the types of resources?

Ans: Resources can be classified in the following ways: (a) On the basis of origin – biotic and abiotic (b) On the basis of exhaustibility – renewable and non-renewable (c) On the basis of ownership – individual, community, national, and international (d) On the basis of the status of development – potential, developed ,stock and reserve

Q3: Why is soil considered a resource?

Ans: Soil is a crucial natural resource as it supports agriculture and crop cultivation. Agriculture, in turn, provides food, which is essential for the survival of all living organisms on this planet.

Q4: What are the main topics that students will learn in Resources and Development?

Ans: The main topics that students will learn in Chapter 1 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography are

  • Types of resources
  • Development of Resources
  • Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit
  • Agenda 21
  • Resource Planning
  • Conservation of Resources
  • Land Utilisation
  • Land use pattern in India
  • Classification of soils
  • Soil erosion and conservation

Q5: Resource planning is essential for sustainable existence.”

Ans: Sustainable existence is a pivotal facet of the broader concept of sustainable development. It revolves around pursuing development that doesn't inflict harm on the environment while also safeguarding resources for the well-being of future generations. Consequently, resource planning assumes a critical role in ensuring prudent, logical, and fair allocation, as well as efficient utilisation of resources. This practice has become indispensable in maintaining a consistent and high standard of living while fostering global harmony.

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