Banking

# Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Banking Important Questions

Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 2 ‘Banking’ is an important topic that requires thorough understanding and practice.This chapter is like your secret vault, filled with mathematical treasures that will make you a financial wizard. Within these pages, you'll find important questions that are like magical keys. They unlock the secrets of interest, rates, and the art of making money work for you. These questions are your ticket to understanding how banks function and how you can make smart financial choices. As you delve into banking class 10 ICSE questions, you'll learn how to calculate interest effortlessly, decipher the mysteries of principal, rate, and time, and discover how math plays a vital role in everyday financial decisions.

## Introduction

Imagine a world where money lies stagnant, unable to grow or work for you. That's why icse class 10 maths banking chapter is incredibly important. It's your key to unraveling the financial forces that shape our modern world. In this chapter, you become a financial detective, diving into the world of interest rates, loans, and investments. Banking is more than just handling money; it's about making your money a dynamic force. These mathematical ideas of banking class 10 ICSE questions, aren't just for exams; they're life skills that empower you to thrive in the real world.

### What is Banking?

"Banking" in icse class 10 maths banking typically refers to the concept of compound interest. Compound interest is a fundamental topic in mathematics related to finance and banking. It involves the process of earning interest not only on the initial amount of money deposited or borrowed (the principal) but also on any interest that has already been earned or charged. This results in the exponential growth of the principal amount over time.

### Class 10 Banking Important Questions and Answers

#### (a) ₹ 500(b) ₹ 600(c) ₹ 700(d) ₹ 800

Ans. (b) ₹ 600

Explanation:
$$MV=P×n+P×\frac{n(n+1)}{2×12}×\frac{r}{100}$$
$$\Rightarrow 7,668=P\begin{pmatrix} 12+\frac{12×(12+1)}{2×12}×\frac{12}{100}\end{pmatrix}[\because n=1 \space \displaystyle{year}=12\space \displaystyle{months}]$$
$$⇒ 7,668=P\begin{pmatrix} 12+\frac{78}{100}\end{pmatrix}$$
$$\Rightarrow 7,668=P\begin{pmatrix} 12+\frac{1,278}{100}\end{pmatrix}$$
⇒ P = 600

#### (a) ₹ 700(b) ₹ 750(c) ₹ 760(d) ₹ 800

Ans. (c) ₹ 760

Explanation:
we have
P = ₹ x, n=2 years = 24 months, r = 10% and
I = ₹ 1,900
We know,
I = P × $$\frac{n(n+1)}{2×12}×\frac{r}{100}$$
⇒  1,900 = x × $$\frac{24×25}{24}$$×$$\frac{10}{100}$$
⇒  1,900 =  2.5 x
⇒  x = 760.

#### Q3. Mohan has a recurring deposit account in a bank for 2 years at 6% p.a. simple interest. If he gets  ₹ 1200 as interest at the time of maturity, find :(a) the monthly installment(b) the amount of maturity.

Explanation:
(a) Since, number of months (n) = 24 and rate of interest (r) = 6%
I = P ×$$\frac{n(n+1)}{2×12}$$×$$\frac{6}{100}$$
⇒ 1200 = P ×$$\frac{24(24+1)}{2×12}$$×$$\frac{6}{100}$$
⇒  P =$$\frac{24(24+1)}{2×12}$$×$$\frac{6}{100}$$
= ₹ 800
∴ Monthly instalment = ₹ 800 Ans.
(b) Sum deposited = ₹ 800 × 24
= ₹ 19200
Amount on maturity = ₹ 19,200 + ₹ 1,200
= ₹ 20,400 Ans.

#### Q4. Anu has a cumulative deposit account in a bank for 5 years at 9% p.a. At the time of maturity, she gets ₹ 51607.50. Find the monthly installment.

Explanation:
we have, n = 5 year = 5 × 12 = 60 months, r = 9% M.V. = ₹ 51607.50.
Since,
I = P×$$\frac{n(n+1)}{2×12}$$×$$\frac{r}{100}$$
= P ×$$\frac{60×61}{2×12}$$×$$\frac{9}{100}$$=$$\frac{549P}{40}$$
∴ M.V. = Pn + I = P  × 60+$$\frac{549P}{40}$$=$$\frac{2400+549P}{40}$$
= $$\frac{2949P}{40}$$
According to the question,
$$=\frac{2949P}{40}$$ = 51607.50
⇒ P =$$\frac{51607.50×40}{2949}$$
∴ P = ₹ 700.

#### Q5. Government-owned banks have security assured over the investments made by the customers, while private banks provide better services and rate of interest to attract customers. A retired manager from Punjab National Bank, Mr Ranajit Bhattacharya invests in a recurring deposit scheme in IDBI bank with ₹ 10000/-for 6 years and receives ₹ 8,84,250/-. His friend Lt. Colonel Jayant Paranjpe invested in a similar recurring deposit scheme with Punjab National Bank with ₹ 10000/-for 6 years and receives ₹ 19,710/- less than Mr Ranajit Bhattacharya. What is the difference between the respective rates of interest of the two banks?

Explanation:
Here we have Ranajit Bhattacharya.
P = ₹ 10000, time = 6 years 6 × 12 = 72 months and we have to find r%
Clearly
MV = P × n + P ×$$\frac{(n)(n+1)}{2×12}$$×$$\frac{r}{100}$$
(i) so that we get.
8,84,250 = ₹ 10000 × 72 +$$\frac{(72)(78)}{24}$$×$$\frac{r}{100},$$
on solving we get: r% = 7.4%
Now for Lt Colonel Jayant:
P = ₹ 10000, time = 6 years 6 × 12 = 72 months and we have to find r%
His maturity value is ₹ 19.710 less than the maturity value of Mr Ranajit:
I.e. ₹ 8,84,250 - ₹ 19.710 = ₹ 8,64,540 and rate is not known. Let it be R%
Clearly, ₹ 8,64,540
= ₹ 10,000 × 72 + = ₹ 10000 ×$$\frac{(72)(78)}{24}×\frac{R}{100},$$ on solving for R
We get: R% = 6.6%
So the difference between the rate% = 7.4%- 6.6% = 0.8% Ans.

#### ICSE Class 10 Maths Chapter wise Important Questions

Chapter No. Chapter Name
Chapter 1 Goods and Service Tax (GST)
Chapter 2 Banking
Chapter 3 Shares and Dividends
Chapter 4 Linear inequations
Chapter 5 Quadratic Equations in one variable
Chapter 6 Ratio and proportion
Chapter 7 Factorization
Chapter 8 Matrices
Chapter 9 Arithmetic Progression
Chapter 10 Geometric Progression
Chapter 11 Coordinate Geometry
Chapter 12 Reflection
Chapter 13 Similarity
Chapter 14 Loci
Chapter 15 Circles
Chapter 16 Constructions
Chapter 17 Mensuration
Chapter 18 Trigonometry
Chapter 19 Statistics
Chapter 20 Probability

#### Conclusion

Class 10 banking equips students with the knowledge and skills needed to navigate financial transactions, manage their money, and understand the workings of the banking industry. It's an essential part of their mathematical education and prepares them for financial responsibilities in adulthood. If you seek additional practice and a deeper comprehension of the topics covered in the chapter, oswal.io offers an extensive array of banking questions for class 10 ICSE to facilitate a more profound understanding of the concepts.

#### Q1 : What is the difference between simple interest and compound interest?

Ans: Simple interest is calculated only on the initial principal amount, while compound interest takes into account both the principal and the accumulated interest.

#### Q2: How is simple interest calculated?

Ans:  Simple Interest (SI) can be calculated using the formula:
$$SI =\frac{P.R.T}{100},$$
where P is the principal amount, R is the rate of interest, and T is the time in years.

#### Q3 : What is the difference between nominal interest rate and effective interest rate?

Ans: The nominal interest rate is the stated interest rate, while the effective interest rate takes into account the compounding frequency. It is the actual rate at which interest is earned or paid.

#### Q4 : How do I calculate the total amount (including principal) when interest is compounded annually?

Ans: The total amount (A) with annual compounding can be found using the formula:
$$A= P(1 +\frac{R}{100})^T$$

#### Q5 : What is the formula for compound interest?

Ans: Compound Interest (CI) is calculated using the formula:
$$A= P(1 +\frac{R}{100})^T-P,$$
where A is the final amount, P is the principal, R is the rate of interest, and T is the time in years.

## Chapter Wise  Important Questions for ICSE Board Class 10 Mathematics

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