Real Number

Real Numbers Important Questions

Here are some important Class 10 Mathematics questions for Chapter 1, Real Numbers. These questions are designed to help students practice and score well in their CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Examination 2023-24. Practicing a variety of question types will help students clarify their doubts and prepare effectively for the exams. Solving these questions will not only build confidence but also enhance problem-solving skills.

Table of Content

In Chapter 1 of Class 10 Mathematics, Real Numbers, you will review operations with real numbers from previous grades and learn about two significant properties of positive integers: Euclid's Division Lemma and algorithm, as well as the fundamental theorem of arithmetic.

Real numbers encompass positive integers, negative integers, irrational numbers, and fractions, with the exception of complex numbers. This means that almost every number falls under the category of real numbers. Examples of real numbers include -1, ½, 1.75, √2, and others.

- Real numbers consist of both rational and irrational numbers combined.
- Every real number can be represented on the number line.

Let's take a quick look at the chapter's summary.

(b) 4

(c) 5

(d) 2

**Ans. **(b)

**Explanation: **

Prime factorization is the method of representing a number as the multiplication of its prime factors. A number qualifies as prime if it possesses solely two factors , 1 and the number itself.Here's a breakdown of the sequential procedure for identifying the prime factors in the prime factorization of 196:

Prime factors of 196 = 2^{2} × 7^{2 }So, sum of exponents = 2+2=4

(b) 24 and 12

(c) 7 and 3

(d) 84 and 42

**Ans. **(a) 42 and 21

**Explanation: **

Using the factor tree, we have:

From the above factor tree. It is clear that

y = 3 ×7 = 21

and x = 2 × y = 2 × 21

= 42.

**Ans.** 140

**Explanation: **

Let HCF be H.

Then LCM =14H

Now, sum of LCM and HCF is 750. [Given]

\(∴ 14H + H = 750 \)

\(⇒ 15H = 750 \)

\(⇒ H =\Large\frac{750}{15} \)

\(⇒ H = 50 \)

\(∴ LCM = 14H =14 × 50 = 700 \)

We know that,

Product of LCM and HCF = Product of two numbers.

Then, 700 × 50 = 250 × y

\(⇒ y = \large\frac{700 × 50}{250}\)

⇒ y = 140

Hence, the other number is 140.

**Ans. **21 m 60 cm

**Explanation: **

The minimum distance that each should walk is the LCM of 54, 60 and 48.

Now, 54 = 2 × 3^{3}

60 = 2^{2}×3×5

48 = 2^{4} × 3

∴ LCM (54, 60, 48) = 2^{4} × 3^{3} × 5

= 2160

∴ Required distance = 2160 cm

= 21 m 60 cm

**Ans. **140

**Explanation: **

Let HCF be ‘H’

Then LCM =14H

sum of LCM and HCF is 750.

∴ 14H + H = 750

⇒ 15H = 750

\(\Rightarrow\text{H} =\large\frac{750}{15}\)

⇒ H = 50

∴ LCM = 14H

= 14×50

= 700

We know

Product of LCM and HCF = Product of two numbers.

Let other number be y

Then, 700 × 50 = 250 × y

\(⇒ \text{y} = \large\frac{700 × 50}{250}\)

⇒ y = 140

Hence, the other number is 140.

If you are looking to further practice and enhance your understanding of the concepts discussed in the chapter, oswal.io provides a comprehensive set of questions for understanding the concept in a better way.

**Ans:** Rational numbers can be expressed as a fraction of two integers, while irrational numbers cannot. Rational numbers have terminating or repeating decimal representations, whereas irrational numbers have non-repeating, non-terminating decimal representations.

**Ans:** Yes, real numbers can be negative. They include negative rational numbers (e.g., -1/2, -3/4) and negative irrational numbers (e.g., -√2, -π).

**Ans:** Yes, all integers (positive, negative, and zero) are real numbers. In fact, integers are a subset of rational numbers because they can be expressed as fractions with a denominator of 1.

**Ans:** The decimal representation of a real number is the representation of that number using decimal digits. It can be terminating (ends) or non-terminating (repeating or non-repeating).

**Ans:** No, not all square roots are irrational. The square root of perfect squares (like 4, 9, 16, etc.) is rational, while the square root of non-perfect squares (like 2, 3, 5, etc.) is irrational.